Etawah is a city on the banks of Yamuna River in the state of Uttar Pradesh in India. It is the administrative headquarters of Etawah District. The city was an important center for the Revolt of 1857 (Allan Octavian Hume, the founder of Indian National Congress was district collector then). Also is the place of sangam or confluence between Yamuna and Chambal. It is also the site of the remains of the Great Hedge of India. The noted Hindi writer Gulabrai was a native of Etawah.
Etawah has a rich and prosperous history. It is believed that the land existed right from the Bronze Age in the medieval times. The earliest people of the Aryan race who once lived here were known as the Panchalas. Even in the mythological books, Etawah appears prominently in stories of the Mahabharata and Ramayana. During the later years, Etawah was under the rule of the Gupta Dynasty in the fourth century AD. Etawah was an active hub during the revolt of 1857, and multiple freedom fighters fighting against the British Raj lived here during the tenure of the revolt. Even today, the town of Etawah houses some remains from the Great Hedge of India, which was an inland tax line set up by the British rulers. It has been found that the name Etawah is derived from the term used for brick burners as there are thousands of brick centers near the boundaries.